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    Wheel Bolt Pattern Cross Reference, Interchange and Conversion Guide


    3 lug, 4 lug, 5 lug, 6 lug, 7 lug, 8 lug and 10 lug Patterns for Cars, Trucks, Station Wagons, Vans, SUVs, Motor Homes, ATVs and UTVs



    How To Use this Wheel Interchange Chart: Use the form below to select your wheel bolt or lug pattern: Select Number of Lugs and Stud Spread in either Inches or Millimeters. The results will display Make, Model and Year as well as the OEM Wheel Size (diameter and width) plus Stud Size, Hub Center Bore and Offset.



    Search By Wheel Bolt Pattern

    Lug Count:

      Stud Spread in Inches:  Or Millimeters:




    Search By Vehicle Make and Model

    Make: 

    Model: 


    Key Identifying Wheel Dimensions: Wheel Bolt or Lug Pattern (or bolt circle, lug circle, lug pattern, etc.) is the measured diameter of an imaginary circle formed by the centers of the wheel lugs or bolt holes. Bolt patterns can be 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 10 lug holes. A bolt circle of 5 x 4.5 would indicate a 5 lug bolt pattern on a circle with a diameter of 4.5 inches, for example. See Diagram: Identifying Wheel Dimensions


    Make

    Model

    Year

    Bolt Pattern 

    OEM Wheel Size

    Stud Size 

    Hub Center Bore 

    Offset 

    BUICK Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     BUICK 
     ALL FULL SIZE (ELECTRA, LE SABRE,RIVIERA) 

     CLASSIC CAR
    1964-87 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    BUICK Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     BUICK 
     ALL FULL SIZE, ELECTRA, LE SABRE, RIVIERA 

     CLASSIC CAR
    1964-87 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 7 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    BUICK Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     BUICK 
     ROADMASTER, ESTATE WAGON 

     CAR/STATION WAGON
    1990-96 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 7 
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    BUICK Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     BUICK 
     ROADMASTER, ESTATE WGN 

     CAR/STATION WAGON
    1990-96 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    CADILLAC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CADILLAC 
     FLEETWOOD 

     CAR
    1986-96 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 7 
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    CHEVROLET Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET 
     CAPRICE CLASSIC 

     CAR
    1991-97 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.1 mm 

    3.07 inches
    CHEVROLET Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET 
     IMPALA SS 

     CAR
    1994-96 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.1 mm 

    3.07 inches
    CHEVROLET Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET 
     WAGONS & HD MODELS 

     CLASSIC CAR/CAR/TRUCK/STATION WAGON
    1955-95 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     1/2 TON BLAZER, JIMMY, SUBURBAN FULL SIZE 2X4 

     TRUCK/VAN/SUV
    1971-91 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.1 mm 

    3.07 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     1/2 TON BLAZER/ JIMMY 

     TRUCK/VAN/SUV
    1971-91 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6(7) 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     1/2 TON TRUCK ALL MODELS 2X4 

     CLASSIC TRUCK
    1967-87 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     1/2 TON TRUCK ALL MODELS 2X4 

     TRUCK
    1988-98 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     1/2 TON TRUCKS ALL MODELS 2X4 

     CLASSIC TRUCK
    1967-87 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6(7) 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     1/2 TON TRUCKS ALL MODELS 2X4 

     TRUCK
    1988-98 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6(7) 
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     ASTRO/SAFARI 

     VAN
    1985-02 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     ASTRO/SAFARI 

     VAN
    1985-92 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     C-1500 PICKUP 2WD 

     TRUCK
    1988-98 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.1 mm 

    3.07 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     CAPRICE CLASSIC 

     CAR
    1990-97 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 7 
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     IMPALA SS 

     CAR
    1994-97 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    16 X 8 
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     SAFARI 

     VAN
    1995-02 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    77.8 mm 

    3.06 inches



    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     SAVANA 1500 

     TRUCK/VAN
    2001 > Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     SUBURBAN/ FULL SIZE 2X4 

     TRUCK/VAN/SUV
    1971-91 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6(7) 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     TAHOE, YUKON 2X4 

     TRUCK/SUV
    1992-99 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.1 mm 

    3.07 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     TAHOE/ YUKON 2X4 

     TRUCK/SUV
    1992-99 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X (6)7 
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     VAN EXPRESS VAN 1500 

     VAN
    1997-02 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     VAN G-SERIES 1/2 TON 

     VAN
    1971-02 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     VAN G-SERIES 1/2 TON 

     VAN
    1971-96 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     WAGONS AND HD MODELS 

     CLASSIC CAR/CAR/STATION WAGON
    1955-95 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.3 mm 

    3.08 inches
    L 
    GM Chevrolet GMC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHEVROLET/GMC 
     YUKON 2WD 

     TRUCK/VAN/SUV
    1992-99 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    14 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    78.1 mm 

    3.07 inches
    CHRYSLER Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHRYSLER 
     PACIFICA 

     CAR
    2004 > Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    H 
    CHRYSLER Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHRYSLER 
     PACIFICA 

     CAR
    2004-08 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    CHRYSLER Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     CHRYSLER 
     TOWN & COUNTRY VAN / VOYAGER 

     VAN
    2008 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    DODGE Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     DODGE 
     CARAVAN 

     VAN
    2008 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    12 X 1.5
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    FORD Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     FORD 
     FULL SIZE (CUSTOM, GALAXIE,T-BIRD) 

     CAR
    1973-78 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    FORD Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     FORD 
     FULL SIZE CUSTOM 

     CAR
    1973-78 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    L 
    FORD Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     FORD 
     GALAXIE, THUNDERBIRD 

     CAR
    1973-78 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    L 
    JEEP Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     JEEP 
     COMMANDER 2WD, 4WD 

     CAR/TRUCK/SUV
    2006-08 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    JEEP Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     JEEP 
     GRAND CHEROKEE 

     CAR/TRUCK/SUV
    1999 > Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    16 X 7 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    H 
    JEEP Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     JEEP 
     GRAND CHEROKEE 2WD 4WD, SRT8 4WD 

     CAR/TRUCK/SUV
    1999-08 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    JEEP Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     JEEP 
     WRANGLER 

     CAR/TRUCK/SUV
    2007 > Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    17&18 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches



    JEEP Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     JEEP 
     WRANGLER 2 & 4WD, SAHARA, RUBICON 

     CAR/TRUCK/SUV
    2007-08 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    71.5 mm 

    2.81 inches
    LINCOLN Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     LINCOLN 
     CONTINENTAL 

     CAR
    1973-79 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    LINCOLN Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     LINCOLN 
     CONTINENTAL, MARK III 

     CAR
    1973-79 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    LINCOLN Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     LINCOLN 
     MARK III 

     CAR
    1973-79 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    MERCURY Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     MERCURY 
     COUGAR XR-7, MARAUDER 

     CAR
    1973-78 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    MERCURY Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     MERCURY 
     COUGAR XR7, MARAUDER, MARQUIS,METEOR 

     CAR
    1973-78 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    MERCURY Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     MERCURY 
     MARQUIS, METEOR 

     CAR
    1973-78 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    OLDSMOBILE Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     OLDSMOBILE 
     ALL FULL SIZE 88, 89, RWD (W/ 403 ENG.) 

     CLASSIC CAR/TRUCK
    1964-92 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    OLDSMOBILE Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     OLDSMOBILE 
     ALL FULL SIZE 88, 98,RWD (W/403 ENG.) 

     CLASSIC CAR/TRUCK
    1964-92 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    PONTIAC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     PONTIAC 
     ALL FULL SIZE RWD (W/ 403 ENG.) 

     CAR
    1971-90 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
    15 X 6 
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    70.3 mm 

    2.77 inches
    PONTIAC Wheel and Bolt Pattern Information
     PONTIAC 
     ALL FULL SIZE RWD (WITH 403 ENG.) 

     CAR
    1971-90 Metric:  5 X 127
    Standard: 5 X 5

    Wheel Adapters
    Wheel Spacers
     
    Shop
    Wheels
    1/2-RH
    Shop
    Lug Nuts
    70.3 mm 

    2.77 inches


    Wheel and Tire How To Videos:
    Browse All Wheel and Tire How To Videos

    Helpful Wheel, Rim and Tire Resources:

    Bolt Pattern Conversions
    mm inches
    4-100 4x3.94
    5-100 5x3.94
    4-108 4x4.25
    5-108 5x4.25
    4-110 4x4.33
    5-110 5x4.33
    5-112 5x4.41
    4-114.3 4x4.5
    5-114.3 5x4.5
    6-114.3 6x4.5
    5-115 5x4.52
    5-120 5x4.72
    5-120.7 5x4.75
    5-127 5x5
    6-127 6x5
    5-130 5x5.12
    5-135 5x5.3
    6-135 6x5.3
    5-139.7 5x5.5
    6-139.7 6x5.5
    8-165.1 8x6.5
    8-170 8x6.69
    bold = common reference

    How to Measure Bolt Pattern Bolt pattern - diameter of an imaginary circle formed by the centers of the wheel lugs.

    Wheel Lug Nut / Bolt Torque Sequence Correct Wheel Lug Nut / Bolt Torque Sequence - 4 lug, 5 lug, 6 lug.

    How to Measure Wheel Back Spacing This measurement is important to be sure you have proper wheel clearance.

    How To Read A Tire Sidewall Learn to understand the common markings found on tire sidewalls.


    Tire Size Comparison Calculator Solve problems related to tire size, wheel, rim, aspect ratio, width, circumference, diameter, speed, sidewall and speedometer reading.


    Wheel Spacer / Wheel Adapter Locator Use this simple tool to quickly find the correct wheel adapters or wheel spacers.


    Tire Size Change / Speedometer Calibration Calculator This calculator is designed to give information related to tire size changes and the general impact they have on the calibration of a speedometer. It determines speedometer error and tire size information based on published and generally accepted tire dimensions as given by the standard US tire system (i.e. 205/45-ZR16). All calculations are based on the assumption of a new tire (as opposed to used) where the numbers on the tire accurately represent the dimensions.


    This information is accurate to the best of our knowledge. No warranties or guarantees are expressed or implied as to the accuracy of the information provided on this site. Use of this site constitutes your agreement to these terms.

    Legend

    Offset: The distance from the mounting surface of the wheel to the true centerline of the rim. A positive offset means the mounting surface of the wheel is positioned in front of the true centerline of the rim / tire assembly. This in effect brings the tire in to the fender well more. Conversely, a negative offset means the mounting surface of the wheel is behind the true centerline of the rim / tire assembly. This will cause the tire to stick out away from the vehicle.

    H = High Positive or FWD (Front Wheel Drive) typically +45, 40, 35 offsets

    M = Medium Offset or RWD (Rear Wheel Drive) Typically +20 offset

    L = Low Offset or RWD (Rear Wheel Drive) Typically 0 offset

    Hub Center Bore: Relates to the center hole in the wheel that centers the wheel on the hub of the car. Since most wheels are mass produced, they have a large center bore to accommodate several different vehicles. If this is the case, it is recommended that you use a hub ring. Hub rings are hard plastic or metal ring that fits between the wheel and the vehicle. This centers the wheel perfectly on the hub ensuring that there is no run out when the wheel is installed on to the vehicle. Without hub rings it is possible to get vibrations even if the wheel / tire assembly is perfectly balanced.

    Torque: All alloy wheels should be installed using a torque wrench. This ensures that the wheels are not too tight or too loose. Check your vehicle's manual for correct settings. When you install wheels for the first time, you should re-torque wheels after about 100km to 150km (60 to 90 miles). Always refer to Owner's Manual for proper factory specifications that take precedence over the listed recommendations. 12mm = 70~80, 7/16" = 55~65, 1/2" = 75~85, 14mm = 85~95, 9/16" = 95~115, 5/8" =135~145.

    The bolt pattern, lug pattern, or bolt circle is the diameter of an imaginary circle formed by the centers of the wheel lugs. Bolt patterns can be 4, 5, 6 or 8 lug holes. The bolt pattern is comprised of two numbers - the first indicates how many bolt holes are on the wheel, and the other describes how far apart they are. for example, a bolt circle of 5x108 would indicate a 5 lug bolt pattern in a circle with a diameter of 108mm.

    Dual Bolt Pattern: More and more manufacturers are building their wheels with two bolt patterns. This expands the number of fitments the wheel applies to. For example: a wheel with a 4-100/114.3 bolt pattern has 8 lug holes and will fit both 4-100mm and 4-114.3mm fitments.

    Wheel Plus Sizing

    Plus sizing your wheel & tire combination was designed to enhance vehicle performance and looks by allowing fitment of larger diameter rims and lower profile tires. The theory is that while making these changes, you keep the overall tire diameter within 3% of the original equipment tires. This is important because larger variances can cause problems with transmission shift points which can decrease fuel mileage. It can also confuse braking system computers which can even lead to brake failure.

    Here's the rule of thumb for "plus sizing":

    Plus 1:

    • Increase section width by 10mm
    • Decrease aspect ratio by 10 points
    • Increase rim diameter by 1 inch

    Plus 2:

    • Increase section width by 20mm
    • Decrease aspect ratio by 20 points
    • Increase rim diameter by 2 inches.

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